Thirsty for knowledge?


The human body is composed of 70% water and daily water intake is important for many bodily functions. We cannot survive more than 4 days without water.

Lets dive into the world of water and the many options we are presented with. What is the difference between flat and sparkling water and is one better than the other? What is tonic water?

Tap/Flat Water – the water that you get directly from your faucet. The safety of drinking this water depends on the quality of the pipes in your building, your location, etc. In some countries like Mexico, it is unsafe to drink tap water as it contains amoeba. Check with your city if its tap water is safe to drink.  

Carbonated water – is “bubbly water”. It has dissolved carbon dioxide gas (can be natural occurring or artificially added) and forms bubbles, giving the water an effervescent quality.

There are a few common forms:

  • Sparkling water (seltzer water) – Sparkling/seltzer water is the water that has undergone carbonation which makes your water fizzy just like your sodas. You can make sparkling water from spring water, purified water or even mineral water, upon addition of carbon dioxide.

  • Mineral Water – naturally carbonated water rich in minerals such as Ca, Mg and Manganese. Derived from natural sources like underground rocks or springs, mountains, springs. The amount and types of minerals present vary between different brands of bottled water

  • Sparkling Mineral Water – Mineral water that has undergone artificial carbonation

  • Club soda – similar to seltzer water, but has minerals added to it such as potassium or sodium bicarbonate,sodium citrate or potassium sulfate. 

Spring water – water collected solely from an spring (underground or surface). Often contains natural minerals

Purified water – any water that has undergone a purification treatment such as reverse osmosis, distillation, and deionization. 

Distilled (demineralized) water - water has been subjected to a treatment that removes all its minerals and salt by the process of reverse osmosis and distillation.

Filtered water – water passed through a carbon filter which removes impurities such as chlorine.

Tonic water - a carbonated drink in which quinine is dissolved and if often contains carbohydrates/sugar. 

Hardness is a measure of dissolved calcium and magnesium in drinking water. Water with less calcium or magnesium is considered “soft water” which makes it easier to create lather and suds where as water with more of the dissolved materials is considered hard water.  

Alkaline water – water with an alkaline pH. There are many controversies in regards to this. A separate blog is coming up which will explore the pH of water and its touted health benefits.